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Swiftのprintの実装を確認

2022/04/15に公開約3,800字

print

public func print(
  _ items: Any...,
  separator: String = " ",
  terminator: String = "\n"
) {
  if let hook = _playgroundPrintHook {
    var output = _TeeStream(left: "", right: _Stdout())
    _print(items, separator: separator, terminator: terminator, to: &output)
    hook(output.left)
  }
  else {
    var output = _Stdout()
    _print(items, separator: separator, terminator: terminator, to: &output)
  }
}
internal func _print<Target: TextOutputStream>(
  _ items: [Any],
  separator: String = " ",
  terminator: String = "\n",
  to output: inout Target
) {
  var prefix = ""
  output._lock()
  defer { output._unlock() }
  for item in items {
    output.write(prefix)
    _print_unlocked(item, &output)
    prefix = separator
  }
  output.write(terminator)
}
@usableFromInline
@_semantics("optimize.sil.specialize.generic.never")
internal func _print_unlocked<T, TargetStream: TextOutputStream>(
  _ value: T, _ target: inout TargetStream
) {
  // Optional has no representation suitable for display; therefore,
  // values of optional type should be printed as a debug
  // string. Check for Optional first, before checking protocol
  // conformance below, because an Optional value is convertible to a
  // protocol if its wrapped type conforms to that protocol.
  // Note: _isOptional doesn't work here when T == Any, hence we
  // use a more elaborate formulation:
  if _openExistential(type(of: value as Any), do: _isOptional) {
    let debugPrintable = value as! CustomDebugStringConvertible
    debugPrintable.debugDescription.write(to: &target)
    return
  }

  if let string = value as? String {
    target.write(string)
    return
  }

  if case let streamableObject as TextOutputStreamable = value {
    streamableObject.write(to: &target)
    return
  }

  if case let printableObject as CustomStringConvertible = value {
    printableObject.description.write(to: &target)
    return
  }

  if case let debugPrintableObject as CustomDebugStringConvertible = value {
    debugPrintableObject.debugDescription.write(to: &target)
    return
  }

#if SWIFT_ENABLE_REFLECTION
  let mirror = Mirror(reflecting: value)
  _adHocPrint_unlocked(value, mirror, &target, isDebugPrint: false)
#else
  target.write("(value cannot be printed without reflection)")
#endif
}
@_transparent
@_semantics("typechecker._openExistential(_:do:)")
public func _openExistential<ExistentialType, ContainedType, ResultType>(
  _ existential: ExistentialType,
  do body: (_ escapingClosure: ContainedType) throws -> ResultType
) rethrows -> ResultType {
  // This implementation is never used, since calls to
  // `Swift._openExistential(_:do:)` are resolved as a special case by
  // the type checker.
  Builtin.staticReport(_trueAfterDiagnostics(), true._value,
    ("internal consistency error: '_openExistential(_:do:)' operation failed to resolve"
     as StaticString).utf8Start._rawValue)
  Builtin.unreachable()
}

String

public init<Subject>(describing instance: Subject) {
  self.init()
  _print_unlocked(instance, &self)
}

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