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Rails newするときによく指定するオプションまとめ

7 min read

TL;DR

$ rails new --help
Usage:
  rails new APP_PATH [options]

Options:
      [--skip-namespace], [--no-skip-namespace]              # Skip namespace (affects only isolated engines)
      [--skip-collision-check], [--no-skip-collision-check]  # Skip collision check
  -r, [--ruby=PATH]                                          # Path to the Ruby binary of your choice
                                                             # Default: /YourPath/.rbenv/versions/3.0.1/bin/ruby
  -m, [--template=TEMPLATE]                                  # Path to some application template (can be a filesystem path or URL)
  -d, [--database=DATABASE]                                  # Preconfigure for selected database (options: mysql/postgresql/sqlite3/oracle/sqlserver/jdbcmysql/jdbcsqlite3/jdbcpostgresql/jdbc)
                                                             # Default: sqlite3
      [--skip-gemfile], [--no-skip-gemfile]                  # Don't create a Gemfile
  -G, [--skip-git], [--no-skip-git]                          # Skip .gitignore file
      [--skip-keeps], [--no-skip-keeps]                      # Skip source control .keep files
  -M, [--skip-action-mailer], [--no-skip-action-mailer]      # Skip Action Mailer files
      [--skip-action-mailbox], [--no-skip-action-mailbox]    # Skip Action Mailbox gem
      [--skip-action-text], [--no-skip-action-text]          # Skip Action Text gem
  -O, [--skip-active-record], [--no-skip-active-record]      # Skip Active Record files
      [--skip-active-job], [--no-skip-active-job]            # Skip Active Job
      [--skip-active-storage], [--no-skip-active-storage]    # Skip Active Storage files
  -P, [--skip-puma], [--no-skip-puma]                        # Skip Puma related files
  -C, [--skip-action-cable], [--no-skip-action-cable]        # Skip Action Cable files
  -S, [--skip-sprockets], [--no-skip-sprockets]              # Skip Sprockets files
      [--skip-spring], [--no-skip-spring]                    # Don't install Spring application preloader
      [--skip-listen], [--no-skip-listen]                    # Don't generate configuration that depends on the listen gem
  -J, [--skip-javascript], [--no-skip-javascript]            # Skip JavaScript files
      [--skip-turbolinks], [--no-skip-turbolinks]            # Skip turbolinks gem
      [--skip-jbuilder], [--no-skip-jbuilder]                # Skip jbuilder gem
  -T, [--skip-test], [--no-skip-test]                        # Skip test files
      [--skip-system-test], [--no-skip-system-test]          # Skip system test files
      [--skip-bootsnap], [--no-skip-bootsnap]                # Skip bootsnap gem
      [--dev], [--no-dev]                                    # Set up the application with Gemfile pointing to your Rails checkout
      [--edge], [--no-edge]                                  # Set up the application with Gemfile pointing to Rails repository
      [--master], [--no-master]                              # Set up the application with Gemfile pointing to Rails repository main branch
      [--rc=RC]                                              # Path to file containing extra configuration options for rails command
      [--no-rc], [--no-no-rc]                                # Skip loading of extra configuration options from .railsrc file
      [--api], [--no-api]                                    # Preconfigure smaller stack for API only apps
      [--minimal], [--no-minimal]                            # Preconfigure a minimal rails app
  -B, [--skip-bundle], [--no-skip-bundle]                    # Don't run bundle install
  --webpacker, [--webpack=WEBPACK]                           # Preconfigure Webpack with a particular framework (options: react, vue, angular, elm, stimulus)
      [--skip-webpack-install], [--no-skip-webpack-install]  # Don't run Webpack install

Runtime options:
  -f, [--force]                    # Overwrite files that already exist
  -p, [--pretend], [--no-pretend]  # Run but do not make any changes
  -q, [--quiet], [--no-quiet]      # Suppress status output
  -s, [--skip], [--no-skip]        # Skip files that already exist

Rails options:
  -h, [--help], [--no-help]        # Show this help message and quit
  -v, [--version], [--no-version]  # Show Rails version number and quit

Description:
    The 'rails new' command creates a new Rails application with a default
    directory structure and configuration at the path you specify.

    You can specify extra command-line arguments to be used every time
    'rails new' runs in the .railsrc configuration file in your home directory,
    or in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/rails/railsrc if XDG_CONFIG_HOME is set.

    Note that the arguments specified in the .railsrc file don't affect the
    defaults values shown above in this help message.

Example:
    rails new ~/Code/Ruby/weblog

    This generates a skeletal Rails installation in ~/Code/Ruby/weblog.

前提条件

  • ruby 3.0.1
  • Rails 6.1.3.1

データベースを指定する

rails new new-proj -d postgresql

ちなみにサポートされる設定は, mysql, postgresql, sqlite3, oracle, sqlserver, jdbcmysql, jdbcsqlite3, jdbcpostgresql, jdbc

APIしか作らない、Viewは要らない

rails new api-proj --api

フロントエンドと分業してRailsはAPIに徹するときに使う。ちなみにjbuilderもこのモードでは入らない。

ActionMailer使いたくない

rails new nomailer-proj -M

あるいは --skip-action-mailer でもOK

websocket使う予定がないのでActionCableをインストールしない

rails new nocable-proj -C

あるいは --skip-action-cable でもOK

Sprockets使いたくない

rails new nospro-proj -S

あるいは --skip-sprockets でもOK

Springがプロセス詰まるから使いたくないんじゃ

rails new nospring-proj --skip-spring

turbolinksいらね

rails new noturb-proj --skip-turbolinks

webpacker使いたくない

rails new nowebpack-proj --skip-webpack-install

webpackerでreactを入れたい

rails new react-proj --webpack=react

絶対に爆速でEXITするからテスト書かない

sabanna

rails new notest-proj -T

そこまでではないがまぁシステムテストは要らないかな...

rails new nosystemtest-proj --skip-system-test

主に、cabybara, selenium-webdriver, webdrivers周りのインストールがスキップされる

今からRailsでViewも書く前提で自分一人で新規開発やるなら、自分ならまずはこうする

rails new my-proj -d postgresql -S --skip-turbolinks --skip-jbuilder --skip-system-test --webpack=react

規模的に最初はsystem testは手動で良いと思っていて、自分がある程度Reactを使えるのでturbolinksとjbuilder外した状態でスタートする。reactは状況によってはvueを選択する。

databaseはスモールスタートならやっぱりherokuが早いので、postgresqlが第一選択肢に入ってくる。

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