🎉

ArangoDBでGraphTraversalをしてみる

9 min read

https://colab.research.google.com/github/arangodb/interactive_tutorials/blob/master/notebooks/AqlTraversalTutorial.ipynb#scrollTo=p661PW_ww5am
を参考にやってみました。WebUIのみで完結します

コレクションを作成する

Charactersコレクションを作成します。

  • WebUICOLLECTIONSを選択してAdd Collectionをクリック
    Add Collectionをクリック
  • ダイアログでNameをCharactersにしてSaveをクリック
    Save

ChildOfコレクションを作成します。

  • WebUICOLLECTIONSを選択してAdd Collectionをクリック
    Add Collectionをクリック
  • ダイアログでNameをChildOfにして、TypeをEdgeにしてSave`をクリック
    Save

確認

CharactersChildOfがあればOK(表示されているアイコンも確認する)
確認

データ追加

AQL用UIへ

WebUIQUERIESを選択
AQL用UI

Charactersにデータ追加

LET data = [
    { "name": "Ned", "surname": "Stark", "alive": true, "age": 41, "traits": ["A","H","C","N","P"] },
    { "name": "Robert", "surname": "Baratheon", "alive": false, "traits": ["A","H","C"] },
    { "name": "Jaime", "surname": "Lannister", "alive": true, "age": 36, "traits": ["A","F","B"] },
    { "name": "Catelyn", "surname": "Stark", "alive": false, "age": 40, "traits": ["D","H","C"] },
    { "name": "Cersei", "surname": "Lannister", "alive": true, "age": 36, "traits": ["H","E","F"] },
    { "name": "Daenerys", "surname": "Targaryen", "alive": true, "age": 16, "traits": ["D","H","C"] },
    { "name": "Jorah", "surname": "Mormont", "alive": false, "traits": ["A","B","C","F"] },
    { "name": "Petyr", "surname": "Baelish", "alive": false, "traits": ["E","G","F"] },
    { "name": "Viserys", "surname": "Targaryen", "alive": false, "traits": ["O","L","N"] },
    { "name": "Jon", "surname": "Snow", "alive": true, "age": 16, "traits": ["A","B","C","F"] },
    { "name": "Sansa", "surname": "Stark", "alive": true, "age": 13, "traits": ["D","I","J"] },
    { "name": "Arya", "surname": "Stark", "alive": true, "age": 11, "traits": ["C","K","L"] },
    { "name": "Robb", "surname": "Stark", "alive": false, "traits": ["A","B","C","K"] },
    { "name": "Theon", "surname": "Greyjoy", "alive": true, "age": 16, "traits": ["E","R","K"] },
    { "name": "Bran", "surname": "Stark", "alive": true, "age": 10, "traits": ["L","J"] },
    { "name": "Joffrey", "surname": "Baratheon", "alive": false, "age": 19, "traits": ["I","L","O"] },
    { "name": "Sandor", "surname": "Clegane", "alive": true, "traits": ["A","P","K","F"] },
    { "name": "Tyrion", "surname": "Lannister", "alive": true, "age": 32, "traits": ["F","K","M","N"] },
    { "name": "Khal", "surname": "Drogo", "alive": false, "traits": ["A","C","O","P"] },
    { "name": "Tywin", "surname": "Lannister", "alive": false, "traits": ["O","M","H","F"] },
    { "name": "Davos", "surname": "Seaworth", "alive": true, "age": 49, "traits": ["C","K","P","F"] },
    { "name": "Samwell", "surname": "Tarly", "alive": true, "age": 17, "traits": ["C","L","I"] },
    { "name": "Stannis", "surname": "Baratheon", "alive": false, "traits": ["H","O","P","M"] },
    { "name": "Melisandre", "alive": true, "traits": ["G","E","H"] },
    { "name": "Margaery", "surname": "Tyrell", "alive": false, "traits": ["M","D","B"] },
    { "name": "Jeor", "surname": "Mormont", "alive": false, "traits": ["C","H","M","P"] },
    { "name": "Bronn", "alive": true, "traits": ["K","E","C"] },
    { "name": "Varys", "alive": true, "traits": ["M","F","N","E"] },
    { "name": "Shae", "alive": false, "traits": ["M","D","G"] },
    { "name": "Talisa", "surname": "Maegyr", "alive": false, "traits": ["D","C","B"] },
    { "name": "Gendry", "alive": false, "traits": ["K","C","A"] },
    { "name": "Ygritte", "alive": false, "traits": ["A","P","K"] },
    { "name": "Tormund", "surname": "Giantsbane", "alive": true, "traits": ["C","P","A","I"] },
    { "name": "Gilly", "alive": true, "traits": ["L","J"] },
    { "name": "Brienne", "surname": "Tarth", "alive": true, "age": 32, "traits": ["P","C","A","K"] },
    { "name": "Ramsay", "surname": "Bolton", "alive": true, "traits": ["E","O","G","A"] },
    { "name": "Ellaria", "surname": "Sand", "alive": true, "traits": ["P","O","A","E"] },
    { "name": "Daario", "surname": "Naharis", "alive": true, "traits": ["K","P","A"] },
    { "name": "Missandei", "alive": true, "traits": ["D","L","C","M"] },
    { "name": "Tommen", "surname": "Baratheon", "alive": true, "traits": ["I","L","B"] },
    { "name": "Jaqen", "surname": "H'ghar", "alive": true, "traits": ["H","F","K"] },
    { "name": "Roose", "surname": "Bolton", "alive": true, "traits": ["H","E","F","A"] },
    { "name": "The High Sparrow", "alive": true, "traits": ["H","M","F","O"] }
]

FOR d IN data
    INSERT d INTO Characters

を実行(結果は特になし[]が帰ってくる)

Charactersにデータ追加

LET data = [
    {
        "parent": { "name": "Ned", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Robb", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Ned", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Sansa", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Ned", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Arya", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Ned", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Bran", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Catelyn", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Robb", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Catelyn", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Sansa", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Catelyn", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Arya", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Catelyn", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Bran", "surname": "Stark" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Ned", "surname": "Stark" },
        "child": { "name": "Jon", "surname": "Snow" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Tywin", "surname": "Lannister" },
        "child": { "name": "Jaime", "surname": "Lannister" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Tywin", "surname": "Lannister" },
        "child": { "name": "Cersei", "surname": "Lannister" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Tywin", "surname": "Lannister" },
        "child": { "name": "Tyrion", "surname": "Lannister" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Cersei", "surname": "Lannister" },
        "child": { "name": "Joffrey", "surname": "Baratheon" }
    }, {
        "parent": { "name": "Jaime", "surname": "Lannister" },
        "child": { "name": "Joffrey", "surname": "Baratheon" }
    }
]

FOR rel in data
    LET parentId = FIRST(
        FOR c IN Characters
            FILTER c.name == rel.parent.name
            FILTER c.surname == rel.parent.surname
            LIMIT 1
            RETURN c._id
    )
    LET childId = FIRST(
        FOR c IN Characters
            FILTER c.name == rel.child.name
            FILTER c.surname == rel.child.surname
            LIMIT 1
            RETURN c._id
    )
    FILTER parentId != null AND childId != null
    INSERT { _from: childId, _to: parentId } INTO ChildOf
    RETURN NEW

を実行(結果はグラフ図が帰ってくる)
グラフ図

関連図

https://github.com/arangodb/interactive_tutorials/blob/master/notebooks/img/ChildOf_Graph.png?raw=1

グラフ操作(OUTBOUND)

AQLで

// First find the start node, i.e., sansa
FOR c IN Characters
    FILTER c.name == "Sansa"
    // Then start a Graph traversal from that start node
    // OUTBOUNDなのでfromからto
    FOR v IN 1..1 OUTBOUND c ChildOf
    RETURN v.name

を実行する。結果は

[
  "Ned",
  "Catelyn"
]

グラフ操作(INBOUND)

AQLで

// First find the start node, i.e., ned
FOR c IN Characters
    FILTER c.name == "Ned"
    // Then start a Graph traversal from that start node
    // INBOUNDなのでtoからfrom
    FOR v IN 1..1 INBOUND c ChildOf
    RETURN v.name

を実行する。結果は

[
  "Robb",
  "Sansa",
  "Arya",
  "Bran",
  "Jon"
]

グラフ操作(たどる枝数指定)

AQLで

// First find the start node, i.e., ned
FOR c IN Characters
    FILTER c.name == "Tywin"
    // Then start a Graph traversal from that start node
    // 2..2なので2つたどる
    FOR v IN 2..2 INBOUND c ChildOf
    RETURN v.name

を実行する。結果は

[
  "Joffrey",
  "Joffrey"
]

AQLで

FOR c IN Characters
    FILTER c.name == "Joffrey"
    // 1..2なので最低1、最大2つたどる
    FOR v IN 1..2 OUTBOUND c ChildOf
        // DISTINCTで重複回避
        RETURN DISTINCT v.name

を実行する。結果は

[
  "Cersei",
  "Tywin",
  "Jaime"
]

Discussion

ログインするとコメントできます