The official site (https://backports.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Main_Page) has good definition.
"Backporting" is the process of making new software run on something old. A version of something new that's been modified to run on something old is called a "backport".
Of course you can backport device drivers by yourself, you can backport more easily with tools developed by Linux backports project. This document explains procedure of backporting with backports project tools.
This document explains procedure of backporting Linux 4.4 device drivers to Linux 3.10.108.
Because backports relying on linux-next tree.
cd ~/ mkdir git cd ~/git git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/next/linux-next.git
cd ~/git git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git cd linux-stable git checkout v3.10.108
cd ~/git git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/backports/backports.git cd backports git checkout linux-4.4.y
If your coccinelle version of distribution package is less than 1.0.5, install with package.
sudo apt install coccinelle
git clone https://github.com/coccinelle/coccinelle.git cd coccinelle git checkout 1.0.4 sudo apt install pkg-config ocaml-native-compilers ocaml-findlib menhir libmenhir-ocaml-dev libpcre-ocaml-dev texlive-fonts-extra texlive-latex-base ./autogen ./configure make clean make sudo make install
This is a workaround. In the future, backports requires more than 1.0.6. The maintainer Johannes said. https://marc.info/?l=linux-backports&m=152585249900819&w=2
cd ~/git/backports ./gentree.py --copy-list ./copy-list --integrate --clean --git-revision v4.4 ~/git/linux-next ~/git/linux-stable
This is the result.
Get original source files from git ... Applying patches from patches to [your home]/git/linux-stable/backports/ ... Modify Kconfig tree ... Rewrite Makefiles and Kconfig files ... Applying patches from integration-patches/ to [your home]/git/linux-stable ... Done!
Change the kernel config and build.
cd ~/git/linux-stable make menuconfig [*] Backport Linux v4.4-0-gafd2ff9 (backports v4.4.2-1-0-gbec4037) ---> make -j9
To get more information for syntax change refer here. https://github.com/coccinelle/coccinelle/issues/135 ↩︎
We use 1.0.4 because 1.0.5 could not be built. ↩︎