Svelteで.envファイル

公開:2021/02/08
更新:2021/02/08
3 min読了の目安(約2700字TECH技術記事

Version

ライブラリ Ver.
svelte 3.0.0
rollup 2.3.4
dotenv 8.2.0

ライブラリをインストール

npm i --save-dev dotenv

https://www.npmjs.com/package/dotenv

rollup.config.jsを編集

rollup.config.js
import svelte from 'rollup-plugin-svelte';
import commonjs from '@rollup/plugin-commonjs';
import resolve from '@rollup/plugin-node-resolve';
import livereload from 'rollup-plugin-livereload';
import { terser } from 'rollup-plugin-terser';
import sveltePreprocess from 'svelte-preprocess';
import typescript from '@rollup/plugin-typescript';
import css from 'rollup-plugin-css-only';
+ import dotenv from 'dotenv';
+ dotenv.config();

const production = !process.env.ROLLUP_WATCH;

function serve() {
	let server;

	function toExit() {
		if (server) server.kill(0);
	}

	return {
		writeBundle() {
			if (server) return;
			server = require('child_process').spawn('npm', ['run', 'start', '--', '--dev'], {
				stdio: ['ignore', 'inherit', 'inherit'],
				shell: true
			});

			process.on('SIGTERM', toExit);
			process.on('exit', toExit);
		}
	};
}

export default {
	input: 'src/main.ts',
	output: {
		sourcemap: true,
		format: 'iife',
		name: 'app',
		file: 'public/build/bundle.js'
	},
	plugins: [
-			preprocess: sveltePreprocess({ sourceMap: !production }),
+			preprocess: sveltePreprocess({ 
+				sourceMap: !production,
+				replace: [['process.env.API_KEY', JSON.stringify(process.env.API_KEY)]]
+			}),
			compilerOptions: {
				// enable run-time checks when not in production
				dev: !production
			}
		}),
		// we'll extract any component CSS out into
		// a separate file - better for performance
		css({ output: 'bundle.css' }),

		// If you have external dependencies installed from
		// npm, you'll most likely need these plugins. In
		// some cases you'll need additional configuration -
		// consult the documentation for details:
		// https://github.com/rollup/plugins/tree/master/packages/commonjs
		resolve({
			browser: true,
			dedupe: ['svelte']
		}),
		commonjs(),
		typescript({
			sourceMap: !production,
			inlineSources: !production
		}),

		// In dev mode, call `npm run start` once
		// the bundle has been generated
		!production && serve(),

		// Watch the `public` directory and refresh the
		// browser on changes when not in production
		!production && livereload('public'),

		// If we're building for production (npm run build
		// instead of npm run dev), minify
		production && terser()
	],
	watch: {
		clearScreen: false
	}
};

.envファイルを作成

touch .env
API_KEY=my-secret

.gitignoreをに.envを追加

.gitignore
/node_modules/
/public/build/

.DS_Store
+ .env

問題ないか確認

console.log(process.env.API_KEY)