Closed5

go install ってどこにインストールされるの🥺

https://golang.org/cmd/go/#hdr-Environment_variables
asa-taka@tailmoon ~ % go version
go version go1.16.3 darwin/amd64
asa-taka@tailmoon ~ % go help environment
The go command and the tools it invokes consult environment variables
for configuration. If an environment variable is unset, the go command
uses a sensible default setting. To see the effective setting of the
variable <NAME>, run 'go env <NAME>'. To change the default setting,
run 'go env -w <NAME>=<VALUE>'. Defaults changed using 'go env -w'
are recorded in a Go environment configuration file stored in the
per-user configuration directory, as reported by os.UserConfigDir.
The location of the configuration file can be changed by setting
the environment variable GOENV, and 'go env GOENV' prints the
effective location, but 'go env -w' cannot change the default location.
See 'go help env' for details.

General-purpose environment variables:

	GO111MODULE
		Controls whether the go command runs in module-aware mode or GOPATH mode.
		May be "off", "on", or "auto".
		See https://golang.org/ref/mod#mod-commands.
	GCCGO
		The gccgo command to run for 'go build -compiler=gccgo'.
	GOARCH
		The architecture, or processor, for which to compile code.
		Examples are amd64, 386, arm, ppc64.
	GOBIN
		The directory where 'go install' will install a command.
	GOCACHE
		The directory where the go command will store cached
		information for reuse in future builds.
	GOMODCACHE
		The directory where the go command will store downloaded modules.
	GODEBUG
		Enable various debugging facilities. See 'go doc runtime'
		for details.
	GOENV
		The location of the Go environment configuration file.
		Cannot be set using 'go env -w'.
	GOFLAGS
		A space-separated list of -flag=value settings to apply
		to go commands by default, when the given flag is known by
		the current command. Each entry must be a standalone flag.
		Because the entries are space-separated, flag values must
		not contain spaces. Flags listed on the command line
		are applied after this list and therefore override it.
	GOINSECURE
		Comma-separated list of glob patterns (in the syntax of Go's path.Match)
		of module path prefixes that should always be fetched in an insecure
		manner. Only applies to dependencies that are being fetched directly.
		Unlike the -insecure flag on 'go get', GOINSECURE does not disable
		checksum database validation. GOPRIVATE or GONOSUMDB may be used
		to achieve that.
	GOOS
		The operating system for which to compile code.
		Examples are linux, darwin, windows, netbsd.
	GOPATH
		For more details see: 'go help gopath'.
	GOPROXY
		URL of Go module proxy. See https://golang.org/ref/mod#environment-variables
		and https://golang.org/ref/mod#module-proxy for details.
	GOPRIVATE, GONOPROXY, GONOSUMDB
		Comma-separated list of glob patterns (in the syntax of Go's path.Match)
		of module path prefixes that should always be fetched directly
		or that should not be compared against the checksum database.
		See https://golang.org/ref/mod#private-modules.
	GOROOT
		The root of the go tree.
	GOSUMDB
		The name of checksum database to use and optionally its public key and
		URL. See https://golang.org/ref/mod#authenticating.
	GOTMPDIR
		The directory where the go command will write
		temporary source files, packages, and binaries.
	GOVCS
		Lists version control commands that may be used with matching servers.
		See 'go help vcs'.

Environment variables for use with cgo:

	AR
		The command to use to manipulate library archives when
		building with the gccgo compiler.
		The default is 'ar'.
	CC
		The command to use to compile C code.
	CGO_ENABLED
		Whether the cgo command is supported. Either 0 or 1.
	CGO_CFLAGS
		Flags that cgo will pass to the compiler when compiling
		C code.
	CGO_CFLAGS_ALLOW
		A regular expression specifying additional flags to allow
		to appear in #cgo CFLAGS source code directives.
		Does not apply to the CGO_CFLAGS environment variable.
	CGO_CFLAGS_DISALLOW
		A regular expression specifying flags that must be disallowed
		from appearing in #cgo CFLAGS source code directives.
		Does not apply to the CGO_CFLAGS environment variable.
	CGO_CPPFLAGS, CGO_CPPFLAGS_ALLOW, CGO_CPPFLAGS_DISALLOW
		Like CGO_CFLAGS, CGO_CFLAGS_ALLOW, and CGO_CFLAGS_DISALLOW,
		but for the C preprocessor.
	CGO_CXXFLAGS, CGO_CXXFLAGS_ALLOW, CGO_CXXFLAGS_DISALLOW
		Like CGO_CFLAGS, CGO_CFLAGS_ALLOW, and CGO_CFLAGS_DISALLOW,
		but for the C++ compiler.
	CGO_FFLAGS, CGO_FFLAGS_ALLOW, CGO_FFLAGS_DISALLOW
		Like CGO_CFLAGS, CGO_CFLAGS_ALLOW, and CGO_CFLAGS_DISALLOW,
		but for the Fortran compiler.
	CGO_LDFLAGS, CGO_LDFLAGS_ALLOW, CGO_LDFLAGS_DISALLOW
		Like CGO_CFLAGS, CGO_CFLAGS_ALLOW, and CGO_CFLAGS_DISALLOW,
		but for the linker.
	CXX
		The command to use to compile C++ code.
	FC
		The command to use to compile Fortran code.
	PKG_CONFIG
		Path to pkg-config tool.

Architecture-specific environment variables:

	GOARM
		For GOARCH=arm, the ARM architecture for which to compile.
		Valid values are 5, 6, 7.
	GO386
		For GOARCH=386, how to implement floating point instructions.
		Valid values are sse2 (default), softfloat.
	GOMIPS
		For GOARCH=mips{,le}, whether to use floating point instructions.
		Valid values are hardfloat (default), softfloat.
	GOMIPS64
		For GOARCH=mips64{,le}, whether to use floating point instructions.
		Valid values are hardfloat (default), softfloat.
	GOWASM
		For GOARCH=wasm, comma-separated list of experimental WebAssembly features to use.
		Valid values are satconv, signext.

Special-purpose environment variables:

	GCCGOTOOLDIR
		If set, where to find gccgo tools, such as cgo.
		The default is based on how gccgo was configured.
	GOROOT_FINAL
		The root of the installed Go tree, when it is
		installed in a location other than where it is built.
		File names in stack traces are rewritten from GOROOT to
		GOROOT_FINAL.
	GO_EXTLINK_ENABLED
		Whether the linker should use external linking mode
		when using -linkmode=auto with code that uses cgo.
		Set to 0 to disable external linking mode, 1 to enable it.
	GIT_ALLOW_PROTOCOL
		Defined by Git. A colon-separated list of schemes that are allowed
		to be used with git fetch/clone. If set, any scheme not explicitly
		mentioned will be considered insecure by 'go get'.
		Because the variable is defined by Git, the default value cannot
		be set using 'go env -w'.

Additional information available from 'go env' but not read from the environment:

	GOEXE
		The executable file name suffix (".exe" on Windows, "" on other systems).
	GOGCCFLAGS
		A space-separated list of arguments supplied to the CC command.
	GOHOSTARCH
		The architecture (GOARCH) of the Go toolchain binaries.
	GOHOSTOS
		The operating system (GOOS) of the Go toolchain binaries.
	GOMOD
		The absolute path to the go.mod of the main module.
		If module-aware mode is enabled, but there is no go.mod, GOMOD will be
		os.DevNull ("/dev/null" on Unix-like systems, "NUL" on Windows).
		If module-aware mode is disabled, GOMOD will be the empty string.
	GOTOOLDIR
		The directory where the go tools (compile, cover, doc, etc...) are installed.
	GOVERSION
		The version of the installed Go tree, as reported by runtime.Version.

差し当たり GOBIN GOPATH GOROOT をおさらいする。

GOBIN
	The directory where 'go install' will install a command.
GOPATH
	For more details see: 'go help gopath'.
GOROOT
	The root of the go tree.

とあるがこれだけではわからない。go help gopath を見る。

If the environment variable is unset, GOPATH defaults
to a subdirectory named "go" in the user's home directory
($HOME/go on Unix, %USERPROFILE%\go on Windows),
unless that directory holds a Go distribution.
Run "go env GOPATH" to see the current GOPATH.

go help install を見る。

Executables are installed in the directory named by the GOBIN environment
variable, which defaults to $GOPATH/bin or $HOME/go/bin if the GOPATH
environment variable is not set. Executables in $GOROOT
are installed in $GOROOT/bin or $GOTOOLDIR instead of $GOBIN.

やりたいのは以下のようなディレクトリ構成。

  • ~/src: go get したプロジェクトが入る場所
  • ~/bin: go install 先
  • ~/pkg: 依存パッケージ

GOPATH=$HOME にすればいけそうな気がしたけど go install で ~/bin に入ってこない。なぜだ。

入れようとしていたのが https://github.com/guptarohit/asciigraph で、実行ファイルのモジュールがプロジェクトルートではなく cmd/asciigraph というサブディレクトリだった、という理由だった。

asa-taka@tailmoon ~ % go env | grep -E 'BIN|PATH|ROOT'
GOBIN=""
GOPATH="/Users/asa-taka"
GOROOT="/Users/asa-taka/.anyenv/envs/goenv/versions/1.16.3"

asa-taka@tailmoon ~ % go install github.com/guptarohit/asciigraph/cmd/asciigraph
asa-taka@tailmoon ~ % ls -alF ~/bin/asciigraph
-rwxr-xr-x  1 asa-taka  staff  2298224 May  2 18:56 /Users/asa-taka/bin/asciigraph*

無事入った。

このスクラップは2021/05/05にクローズされました
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